Can Sanctions Deter Russia From Invading Ukraine?

Russia and Ukraine have been ina state of conflict since 2014. That's when Russia invaded andwrested control of the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine. Inresponse, the US enacted a series of sanctions againstRussia. The Biden administration has warned atthis time around that it's willing to inflict more severeeconomic consequences given that economic sanctions are theWest's main deterrent here. I don't think this is somethingthat they're going to mess around with.

Eight years later, Russia hasmobilized troops on Ukraine's border and once again, the USand European allies are threatening Russia with economicsanctions if they decide to use military force against Ukraine.Well, Russia currently has over 100,000troops built up on Ukraine's eastern border, they want to revise the postcold war settlement they want to talk about no more NATOexpansion. They want to talk about no more NATO presence incountries like Ukraine military.

Presence is a structural orinstitutional nature and looking at specific types ofcapabilities. Economic sanctions remain apowerful weapon in America's foreign policy arsenal, but canthey keep Russia at bay in 2022? After Russia annexed Crimea fromUkraine in 2014, the US quickly imposed a series of sanctions,the sanctions affected Russia's access to financial markets, andalso the ability to export certain items, notably militaryequipment. So when you ask whether aboutsanctions are effective, it's.

Helpful to clarify that, do theyhave an effect? Right? Do they hurt Russia's economy? Do theychange aspects of it? Yes. In that sense, they are effective.Have they changed the Russian policy? Well, some people willtell you that the imposition of sanctions and the fear of moresanctions have kept Russia from going further than it has.Others will tell you that they've done absolutely nothing. Russia has so far not beendeterred by the sanctions enacted in response to theCrimea, annexation,.

The Russian perspective on uswas that in 2014 2015, they were economically by far the weakeststate in this decade. They're going through a recession, therewas a real financial crisis in 2014. They underwent massivecurrency devaluation, they burn, quote through quite a bit ofreserves during that time period. Since then, they wereable to stabilize the financial system, they were able toincreasingly disconnect currency valuation from oil and energyprices. What we've got is a lot ofsanctions that have largely been.

Applied as punishment, and thatare very difficult to understand how they get removed, in partbecause the US especially but also Europe, to some extent,have imposed a wide variety of sanctions on Russia for a widerange of things, such that it can be a little bit difficult tofigure out what's what there are fewer people in Ukraine who who see Russia asfriendly today than there were in 2014. And so hopefully thatwill give President Putin pause as he's thinking about the longterm costs of invading Ukraine.

The SWIFT system stands forSociety for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication.Swift provides a secure way for financial institutions toexchange information about things like money transfers,Swift doesn't actually move money, but it does function as amiddleman to verify information. Swift operates out of Belgium,that means the US would need the support of European allies inorder to kick Russia out of the Swift community. President Bidenhas threatened to cut Russia off from Swift, if they invadeUkraine,.

Sending money overseas receivingmoney overseas, as well as engaging largely withinternational marketplace becomes so much more difficultfor Russian institutions. And all of that then has a trickledown effect on Russian businesses, you would have tremendous impacton Russia international transactions that wouldintroduce a lot of volatility to the currency. But there's apoint course to ask, first of all, can anyone actually cutRussia off from Swift? Why would.

Swift do that? The United Statesdoes not have the ability to kick people off Swift, thecollateral damage would be very significant to Swift as anorganization, it's not clear to me that wewill engage in kicking Russia out of the SWIFT system, but butthat would have a huge impact on Russia, there would be somecollateral impacts on the United States and on Europe as well.But that has to give Vladimir Putin pause because it wouldcertainly deny Russia, the ability to engage in globaltransactions,.

Think about sanctions is theirmost effective if you don't have to use them. They're mosteffective if you can credibly threaten something that theother guy doesn't want enough that they don't then do whateverit is you're trying to keep them from doing. Russia is actually the secondlargest number of participants in Swift. For participatingorganizations, it would be financially a very poor decisionfor swift to make and swift can only make that decision ifdecisions are ratified by.

Brussels itself, right? So swiftdesign organization controlled by the United States, we need tojust make that clear. I actually think that a call for us fromSwift is deeply unlikely but for us to happen. Russia has some ofits own alternative transaction systems, you know, the SPFssystem and the National payment card system called Mir butthey've instituted so they have backup options. Nord Stream two is a gaspipeline that connects Russia to Germany via the Baltic Sea. Theconstruction process for the.

Pipeline began in 2013 and hascost $11 billion so far. It would augment the first NordStream pipeline, which has been in operation since 2011. NordStream two is waiting on final certification from Germanregulators to begin operation. Together, the two pipelinescould move 110 billion cubic meters of gas every year,Senator Jeanne Shaheen, a Democrat from New Hampshire anda senior member of the Committee on Foreign Relations recentlywrote an op ed with Republican Senator Rob Portman on theimportance of standing up to.

Russia. One key issue was thegas pipeline Nord Stream to anything that makes you are moredependent on Russia is I believe, is not a good idea. Italso bypasses the pipeline that ran through Ukraine in a waythat will have an impact on Ukraine. The views within the Germangovernment appear to be divided on this, the German foreignminister has made it very clear that she thinks Nord Stream twoshould be on the table if the Russians attack Ukraine.

In total, Russia provided 48% ofthe EU's natural gas imports in 2020. The former chancellor of Germanymade a deal in the summer with President Biden when he waivedsanctions on Nord Stream two that Nord Stream two would be onthe table and my understanding is that all of shorts hersuccessor, centered have agreed to this. Now, some of thelanguage coming from him and members of his party in seniorpositions recently has suggested they might be backtracking onthis. I'm not sure how.

Seriously, I take that. Ifrankly think that if the Russians are ill advised enoughto actually make a military move on Ukraine, there is absolutelyno way politically, this pipeline could go intooperation. Without a major political diplomatic damage forthe Germans. Energy clearly is an issue andwe need to provide alternatives so that Europe is not dependenton foreign oil and gas from Russia. The Russian goal had always beento impose their will on Ukraine.

To secure Ukraine strategicorientation and alike but without having to actuallycontrol the territory or pay for it where we are now we've just had a seriesof talks at the Presidential Leader level as well as withcounterparts between Washington, NATO and Russia. At the moment,it's still a crisis of the Kremlin's and making, and it'sreally up to President Putin to decide what comes next Republican Senator Ted Cruz hasproposed a bill that would.

Automatically impose sanctionson North Stream to if Russia invades Ukraine. In response,Democrats have proposed their own sanctions bill that wouldgive the administration more leeway on the Nord Stream issue.Senator Cruz's bill failed to pass the 60 vote threshold inthe Senate, however, it did manage to get some support fromDemocratic lawmakers. There are a lot of not justDemocratic senators, but also Republican senators, who despitetheir criticism of the pipeline, which I completely share, it's abad idea to sanction an ally, to.

Use tools of economic coercionagainst allies, which with which I tend to agree, and that in thecurrent context, it would undercut the Biden'sillustrations extremely careful efforts to create a united frontwith its NATO allies. At a time when the Russians would see thisas an invitation to move. The circumstances arevery different than they were when Russia went into Crimea.And we need to do everything possible to make clear to Putinthat this is going to be a united response. Should he takethis action.

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